Galapagos Islands Animals, Birds and Marine Life

by Jane Sophia
Galapagos Islands Animals
Do you know the importance of Galapagos Islands Animals, Birds and Marine Life?
When Charles Darwin visited the Galapagos and saw the range of wildlife there ranging in size from small to threateningly huge, he formed the concept of evolution that still considered as the foremost theory of human development in the world. Today, we will visit the Galapagos Islands archipelago, the world’s most visited islands chain for watching endemic wildlife and incredible flora. Call it wildlife tourism to Galapagos.At the outset of visiting any remote island, we must know where it located on the atlas. Unless we have the location of an island in our mind, we cannot truly visualize it.Therefore, here is Galapagos Islands position off the western coast of South America.Galapagos Islands Map

Overview of Galapagos archipelago:

The Galapagos archipelago of islands is a province of Ecuador, the exotic South American country. By province, we will imagine something located close by to the capital or headquarters. However, Galapagos location from the nearest landmass of its motherland Ecuador is some 925 km away.

Galapagos Islands located on the majestic Pacific Ocean, off the western coast of Ecuador.

Volcanic nature of Galapagos Islands.

There are as many as 21 volcanoes spread over the archipelago of Galapagos of which only 13 are active. Surely, it must be a hot spot in the world. The number of volcanoes present in the Galapagos remind me of Indonesia, another largest volcanic region in the world.

Interesting facts about Galapagos:

  • The area of Galápagos Archipelago comprises of 7,880
  • The archipelago consists of 18 main islands, three smaller islands, and 107 islets.
  • The largest of the Galapagos Islands is “Isabela,”.

Galapagos Islands Animals, birds, and marine creatures:

Note: The majority of fauna and flora in Galapagos not found anywhere else making them truly endemic. It is a major attraction factor for animal enthusiasts, zoologists, and wildlife photographers.

The best spot to see the famous Galapagos Islands Animals, birds are:

  • Galápagos National Park
  • Galápagos Marine Reserve
  • Several uninhabited islands and islets of Galapagos

The Land and Marine Iguana in Galapagos.

I will start by showing the images of both the land marine Iguana that found in the Galapagos.

Iguana is a kind of lizard.

Galapagos Islands Animals-Iguana

Land Iguana

Marine Iguana

Marine Iguana.

Oh, my God! They look fat, indicating there is no dearth of food for them, both on the land and underwater.

Galapagos Islands Animals: giant tortoises of Galapagos.

Some several centuries ago, the population of tortoises that roamed the beaches of Galapagos was considerably high. It naturally attracted the attention of pirates and other seafarers who hunted them down and ate them.

Galapagos Islands Animals tortoise

Oh yes! Are they really giant in size?


The name of these giant tortoises is ‘galapago’ in the Spanish language. Galapagos Island got its name after the giant tortoise’s name.

Do You Know:

Galapagos Islands, because of its natural beauty, unspoiled by humans, and the rich flora and fauna, are protected by the UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites wing.

Tropic Birds

Tropic Birds

Oh, my God! What a tail, long and sharp at the tip!

Darwin’s Finches:

Bird watchers are too eager to see these small birds that are not seen anywhere else in the world.

Darwin Finches

It looks similar to the house sparrow but is certainly different because the beak of the Finch is slightly bigger and thicker.

Darwin’s Finch is also called ‘Galapagos Finch’.

Galapagos Penguins:

The Galapagos Penguins not instantly differentiated from the Arctic penguins by the general public but a zoologist can.

Galapagos Penguin

The penguins of Galapagos are friendly with humans, and they don’t mind swimming just below the snorkelers so that they can see them in close quarters.

Flightless Cormorant:

Galapagos Islands birds

It is very strange that a cormorant is flightless as generally, they are long-distance flyers and hence are migratory.

However, in Galapagos, you can see a unique species of cormorants that cannot fly and is endemic to the Galapagos.

Galapagos Islands Animals and Birds: Flamingoes

Did you notice some parts of the Galapagos Flamingoes are almost bright red than rosy pink in colour?

The beak and the neck, its knees are lovely dark pink. Are they surely a treat to watch-right? They are elegant walkers.

Galapagos Pelicans

Galapagos Pelicans

Well, the difference between pelicans of other locations and the Galapagos is the color. The Galapagos pelicans are brown in color though I find it is no where near brown. Look at them for yourself below:

Here is the normal pelican that is sporting snow-white body.


Galapagos Blue-footed Booby:

Galapagos Blue-footed Booby

Boobies are sea-birds that prey on marine life. As such, they are is no dearth of marine creatures in the Pacific Ocean and naturally, they lead a happy life on the Galapagos Islands and Isabela Islands that are located on the Pacific, so far away from a land.

Other Boobies that are spotted in Galapagos Islands are:

  • Nazca Booby

Nazca Booby

  • Red-footed Booby

Red-footed Booby

Oh, what a essential combination-the read and white!

Sally Crabs

Sally Crabs

Sally lightfoot crabs live in large numbers off the sea of the Galapagos. They make a tasty meal to the boobies and flamingos of the Galapagos archipelago.

Galapagos Dove

Galapagos Dove

The Galapagos Dove is endemic to the Galapagos Islands. Its beak is slightly different from the normal doves we see daily in high raise buildings-eh.? The beak is slightly curved down like a sickle.

Galapagos Sea Horse

Galapagos Sea Horse

Though the sea horse is found on other oceans, they are considered generally vulnerable to human’s proximity.

Sea Lions, Galapagos Islands Animals

Sea Lions, Galapagos Islands Animals

Ah, these amphibians are spotted on the islands of Galapagos and Isabela Islands in plenty. Sometimes, they are also found sleeping on a sea-facing park bench as if it is taking a sunbath.

Galapagos islands Sea Cucumbers

Oh man, don’t imagine the sea cucumbers are some kind of marine plant. No, sea cucumbers are marine creatures but I don’t know which underwater creature feeds on the sea cucumbers.

Galapagos islands Sea Cucumbers

Galapagos Hawk

Galapagos Hawk

It is rather a huge bird and is not seen anywhere else in the world.

Galapagos Mockingbird

Galapagos Mockingbird

It is a lovely grey bird of the Galapagos Islands.

Galapagos Islands Animals Bottlenose Dolphins

Galapagos Islands Animals Bottlenose Dolphins

Lava Gull

Lava Gull

Strangely, these Lava Gulls that are seen preying off the Galapagos Islands are not in white. Lava Gulls are a rare breed.

Storm Petrel

Storm Petrel

You don’t spot them in many parts of the world. They seem to be shy of humans and live in remote islands where their prey is not also hunted by men. They are hiding themselves in remote islands in fear of humans.

Galapagos Oyster Catcher

Galapagos Oyster Catcher

They simply love oysters and the Wikipedia says oyster is the bird’s staple! In addition, the Oyster Catcher also gobbles shellfish, limpets, mussels, clams, sea urchins, starfish, and crabs.

Waved Albatross

Waved Albatross

Beautiful birds, big and attractive. These Waved Albatrosses are seen mostly in the region of Ecuador and Peru.

Swallow-tailed Gull

Swallow-tailed Gull

Looks slender and attractive! They must look elegant in flight. I heard they are great divers in the ocean. In addition, they are endemic to Galapagos and they prefer to roam above the Pacific Ocean during the night. It is rare that gulls are nocturnal-eh?

Galapagos Islands Animals: Galapagos Fur Seals

Galapagos Islands Animals Fur Seals

It resembles the Sea Lion to me. Also, I could hardly see any fur in Fur Seal. Am I missing something?

Nevertheless, the Galapagos fur seal are endemic to the islands of Galapagos. Its favorite meal is shellfish, and it hunts during the night. During daytime, it lazes around on the shore.

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck

Black-bellied Whistling Duck

I am sure you would like to hear its whistle. Click the video clip below to hear the call of Black-bellied Whistling Duck.

Helmeted Guineafowl.

Galapagos Islands Birds Helmeted Guineafowl

Though this attractive bird not e isndemic to Galapagos, it spotted in a few uninhabited islands of Galapagos archipelago.

Wild Turkey

Galapagos Islands Animals and birds Wild Turkey

Oh, it looks large that must about 5 kg!

Common Gallinule

Galapagos Islands birds

Strange name for a bird that is bluish grey. Looks more like a wild cock.


Wilson’s Plover

Galapagos Islands Animals and birds

There are several species of Plover that can be seen on the Galapagos Islands, and this is just one them.

So, that’s all for the Galapagos Islands Animals birds, marine life you can see.

Reaching Galapagos:

Puerto Baquerizo Moreno is the capital city of the Galapagos, and it is located on the island of San Cristóbal. Quito, the capital of Ecuador, operates flights regularly to Puerto Baquerizo Moreno.

Birding tour of Galapagos:

It is important to go to the Galapagos with a field guide. Therefore, join an organized birding tour of Galapagos. Search for

  • “Birding tour of Galapagos.“
  • “Bird watching tour of Galapagos.”
  • “Birding cruise of Galapagos.”
  • “Galapagos wildlife cruise. ”
  • “Galapagos Islands Animals Watching.”


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